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Ngaba ukulahla iTshayina kuxabisekile kwi2019?
06 / 25 / 2019
Imicimbi yeRhafu kunye ne-FAQ malunga nokuNgenisa kwi-European Union
06 / 26 / 2019

I-US iqulethe ezintathu iintlobo eziphambili zerhafu ebekiweyo eyimali, urhulumente kunye nerhulumente wengingqi. Irhafu ye-Federal neye-state yahluke ngokupheleleyo kwaye nganye inegunya layo lokurhafisa. Urhulumente ngamnye unenkqubo yawo yerhafu eyahlukileyo kwamanye amazwe. Ezi ziRhafu zisetyenziswa kwingeniso, kwirhafu, kwintengiso, kwipropathi, kwisahlulelwano, ukuthunyelwa kwelinye ilizwe namaxabiso kunye nemirhumo eyahlukeneyo.

Iirhafu zirhafelwa kwingeniso yexabiso labantu kunye nemibutho nguRhulumente. Uninzi lukarhulumente kunye noorhulumente beengingqi, abemi kunye nabahlali bafakwa kwimali engeniso kwilizwe jikelele kwaye ikhredithi ivunyelwe kwiirhafu zangaphandle.

Xa uqala ishishini elihlayo okanye elinye ishishini le-ecommerce e-US, kufuneka wazi malunga nerhafu yeshishini lakhe kunye nokuhlawula irhafu.

Ulwakhiwo lweShishini

Kubalulekile ukuba uqonde i-federal, ilizwe, kunye neemfuno zerhafu yendawo yakho njengomnini-shishini. Oku kuyakunceda ukuba ufake iifayile zakho ngokuchanekileyo kwaye wenze iintlawulo ngexesha. Xa uqala ishishini, kufuneka uthathe isigqibo sokuba loluphi uhlobo lweshishini eliza kumisela. Uhlobo lweshishini luchaza ukuba yeyiphi na ifom yokubuyisa yengeniso ekufuneka uyithumele. Ezona ndlela zixhaphakileyo zeshishini kukuphela kwepropathi, intsebenziswano, indibaniselwano, kunye nombutho uS. Inkampani ineTyala elinoMda (i-LLC) lulwakhiwo lweshishini oluvunyelwe ngummiselo wombuso. Ukuqwalaselwa kwezomthetho kunye nerhafu kungena kukhetho lweshishini.

Thelekisa imikhwa eqhelekileyo yezakhiwo zeshishini, kodwa khumbula ukuba imigaqo yobunini, uxanduva, irhafu kunye neemfuno zokufayila kwimo nganye yeshishini zinokwahluka ngokwemeko.

Inombolo yesazisi somqeshi (i-EIN)

Uninzi lwamashishini lufuna inombolo yokuchonga umqeshi (i-EIN). I-EIN yakho yinombolo yakho yerhafu. Kuya kufuneka ufumane enye ngokukhawuleza emva kokuba ubhalisele ishishini elitsha.

Ukuba ufuna i-EIN, ufuna ukwazi ukuba ungayifumana njani i-EIN okanye wenze ntoni xa ulahlekelwe okanye ungene endaweni yakho, nceda ufumanise kwi-IRS.

Iindidi zeRhafu yeShishini

  • Irhafu engenayo

Onke amashishini, ngaphandle kobambiswano, kufuneka enze ifayile kwaye ahlawule irhafu kuyo nayiphi na ingeniso efunyenwe okanye efunyenwe apha enyakeni. Intsebenziswano ifayile yokubuyela kwengxelo yonyaka ukuze inike ingxelo ngengeniso, inzuzo, ilahleko kunye nolunye ulwazi lwerhafu olubalulekileyo. Phantse lonke ilizwe libeka ishishini okanye ingeniso yerhafu yengeniso, nangona ilizwe ngalinye kunye nemithetho yendawo yayo inemithetho yerhafu.

  • Iirhafu zengqesho

Ukuba unabasebenzi, kukho iimfuno zerhafu yomanyano ngento ekufuneka uyihlawule kunye neefom ekufuneka uzenzile. Ezi rhafu zomsebenzi zibandakanya ukhuseleko lweNtlalontle kunye nerhafu ye-Medicare, irhafu yengeniso ye-federal, kunye nerhafu yokungasebenzi (i-FUTA). Kuzo zonke iindawo, amashishini kufuneka ahlawule i-inshurensi yembuyekezo yabasebenzi kunye nerhafu yeinshurensi yokungaqeshwa.

  • Intlawulo yerhafu

Urhulumente wentlawulo yerhafu urhwebela amashishini enza okanye athengisa iimveliso ezithile. Kuya kufuneka uphinde uyihlawule le rhafu kwezinye iimeko, kubandakanya ukuba ishishini lakho lisebenzisa iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zezixhobo, izibonelelo, okanye ezinye iimveliso.

  • Irhafu yePropathi

Iirhafu zepropathi zihlala ziqokelelwa ngurhulumente wakho okanye urhulumente wengingqi. Urhulumente wakho umisela isikhokelo apho urhulumente wasekhaya anganyanzelisa irhafu yepropathi. Nganye ye-50 ithi ineendlela zayo zokurhafisa.

Amanye amazwe avumela abahlali ukuba bahlawule irhafu yendawo yokuhlala. Oku kubandakanya umhlaba nezinto eziqhotyoshelwe ngokusisigxina kumhlaba. Ipropathi yangempela ibandakanya amakhaya, iifektri, amarhamba, kunye neekhondomu.

Amazwe nawo angavumela oorhulumente beengingqi ukuba bahlawule irhafu yendawo yokuhlala. Oku kubandakanya ipropathi enokufuduswa, ezinjengeenqanawa, iimoto, ubucwebe, iindiza, ikhompyuter, izixhobo, izixhobo kunye nefenitshala.

Inani lerhafu ekufuneka ihlawulwe libonakalisiwe kwixabiso lilonke lepropathi okanye ngepesenti ethile yexabiso.

  • Ukuthengisa kunye nokuRhafisa

Amazwe angabeka irhafu kwintengiso yezinto kunye neenkonzo. Amanani anokuhluka ngokwasecaleni. Ngokwesiqhelo uhlawula irhafu yentengiso xa uthenga iimpahla okanye iinkonzo.

Ukukhutshelwa kwirhafu yentengiso kuhlala kubandakanya ukutya, impahla, amayeza, amaphephandaba kunye nezinto ezisetyenziswayo. Ukongeza, amaqela athile ahlala ekhululwa ekuhlawuleni irhafu yentengiso. Amaqela anoncedo, enkolo, kunye nemfundo ahlala exolelwa phantsi kweemeko ezithile.

Amazwe amaninzi anerhafu yokusebenzisa. Kuyafana nerhafu yentengiso, irhafu yokusebenzisa inyanzeliswa ukugcinwa, ukusetyenziswa, okanye ukuthengwa kwepropathi yomntu engahlawulelwanga yirhafu yentengiso. Ngokwesiqhelo oku kusebenza kuqeshiso kunye nentengiselwano yokuqeshisa okanye kwizinto ezinkulu ezithengiweyo ngaphandle korhulumente, njengemoto.

  • Uqikelelo lweRhafu

Irhafu eqikelelweyo yindlela esetyenziselwa ukuhlawula irhafu kwingeniso engagcinwanga ekubambeni. Oku kubandakanya ingeniso evela kukuziqeshisa, inzala kunye nokwahlulahlula. Kuya kufuneka uphinde uhlawule irhafu eqikelelweyo ukuba inani lerhafu yengeniso ibanjiweyo kumvuzo wakho, ipenshoni, okanye enye ingeniso ayonelanga.

Abantu abaziqhubela ishishini labo kufuneka bahlawule irhafu. Ungahlawuliswa isohlwayo ukuba akuhlawulanga ngokwaneleyo ngokubambisa okanye ngokuhlawula irhafu.

Lo nyaka wohlulwe ngokwamaxesha amane okuhlawula irhafu eqikelelweyo. Ixesha ngalinye linomhla wokugqibela wokuhlawula.

  • Irhafu yokuziqesha

Irhafu yokuziqeshisa (irhafu ye-SE) lukhuseleko lwentlalo kunye nerhafu ye-Medicare ikakhulu kubantu abasebenzela bona. Iintlawulo zakho zerhafu ye-SE zifaka igalelo kukuhlawulwa kwakho phantsi kwenkqubo yokhuseleko lwentlalo. Ukukhuseleka kwezokhuseleko loluntu kukubonelela ngezibonelelo zomhlala-phantsi, izibonelelo zokukhubazeka, izibonelelo zexhoba, kunye nezibonelelo zeinshurensi esibhedlele (Medicare).

Ngokubanzi, kuya kufuneka uhlawule irhafu ye-SE kunye nefayile yeShedyuli SE (iFom 1040) ukuba ngaba oku kulandelayo kuyasebenza.

  1. Ukuba umvuzo wakho wokufumana kwi-yokuzenzela yayiyi- $ 400 okanye ngaphezulu.
  2. Ukuba usebenzela icawe okanye umbutho ofanelekileyo olawulwa yicawa (ngaphandle komphathiswa okanye ilungu lomyalelo wenkolo) okhethe ukuxolelwa kukhuseleko lwentlalo kunye neirhafu zeMedicare, uphantsi kwerhafu ye-SE ukuba ufumana i- $ 108.28 okanye ngaphezulu kwimivuzo ecaweni okanye umbutho.

Ukuqukumbela, udidi ngalunye lwerhafu yeshishini lunokuba nemithetho ekhethekileyo, iziqinisekiso, okanye iifom ze-IRS ekufuneka uzifayile. Ungajonga kwi-IRS ukubona ukuba yeyiphi irhafu yeshishini esebenza kuwe.

Ukuba ishishini lakho linabasebenzi, kuya kufuneka ucele ukubamba irhafu kwiintlawulo zabo. Irhafu yengqesho yaseburhulumenteni ibandakanya umvuzo, uKhuseleko lweNtlalontle kunye ne-Medicare, intswela-ngqesho, kunye neerhafu zokuziqesha. Ungajonga kwi-IRS ukubona ukuba yeyiphi irhafu ekufuneka ubambe.

Izibonelelo zentela Ukuncitshiswa

Izixhobo ezifanelekileyo zamandla kunye nokuphuculwa konga amandla kunokukufumanela okanye ufumane ishishini lakho lerhafu, izaphulelo, kunye nokonga ngexesha leholide yokuthengisa. Amatyala erhafu anciphisa isixa serhafu osityala, kwaye izaphulelo zikubuyisela imali uyithengile.

Kwaye abantu ngabanye kunye namashishini abuya kwakhona kwintlekele enkulu okanye imeko yongxamiseko unokufumana ukukhululeka kwirhafu. Amashishini anokufumana ukuncitshiswa kwerhafu yokufanelekela iminikelo yesisa.

Uhlengahlengiso lweRhafu kwi 2018

Umthetho omtsha wenze ezi nguqu zinkulu zilandelayo malunga nerhafu yengeniso yomanyano:

  • Amaxabiso erhafu asezantsi, ireyithi ephezulu yangoku i-37 ipesenti
  • Ukonyusa ukuncitshiswa okuqhelekileyo
    I- $ 12,000 yomntu ngamnye
    I- $ 18,000 yeentloko zamakhaya
    I- $ 24,000 yezibini ezitshatileyo ezifayilayo ngokudibeneyo

  • Uthandabuza ikhredithi yerhafu yabantwana ukuya kuthi ga kwi-2,000
  • Yenza ikhredithi entsha ye- $ 500 "yabanye abaxhomekeke" kwikhredithi
  • Ukuphelisa ukukhululwa komntu kunye nokuxhomekeka
  • Umda okanye ushenxisa izinto ezininzi ezincitshisiweyo, ukubandakanya ukuhamba, ubunini basekhaya njl

Unokubona ukuba itshintshe kangakanani phantsi kohlaziyo lwerhafu kumfanekiso ongezantsi:

Hlawula irhafu

  • Khetha unyaka wakho werhafu

Ishishini lakho liyafuneka ngokusemthethweni ukuba lihlawule irhafu kwaye ugcine iirekhodi zobalo kucwangciso lwonyaka olubizwa ngokuba yirhafu.

Uninzi lwamashishini lukhetha unyaka werhafu ukuba ulingane nonyaka wekhalenda. Ukhetha unyaka wakho werhafu okokuqala xa ufaka iirhafu, kodwa unokuwuguqula kamva ngemvume ye-IRS.

  • Chonga uxanduva lwakho lwerhafu

Ishishini lakho lingadinga ukubhatala irhafu yendawo nelendawo. Imithetho yerhafu iyahluka ngokwendawo kunye nesakhiwo seshishini, kuyakufuneka ujonge koorhulumente basekhaya kunye noorhulumente beengingqi ukuze bazi iimbophelelo zerhafu yeshishini lakho.

Iindidi ezimbini eziqhelekileyo zikarhulumente kunye nezasekhaya zerhafu iimfuno zeshishini elincinci ziirhafu zengeniso kunye nerhafu yengqesho.

Ungazifumana izibophelelo zakho zerhafu yeli lizwe ngekhonkco:

https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/manage-your-business/pay-taxes

  • Chonga uxanduva lwakho lwerhafu yomanyano

Ulwakhiwo lweshishini lakho libonisa ukuba zeziphi iirhafu zomdibaniso ekufuneka uhlawule kunye nendlela ozihlawula ngayo. Ezinye zeerhafu zifuna ukuhlawulwa kunyaka wonke, ngenxa yoko kubalulekile ukuba wazi amatyala akho erhafu ngaphambi kokuphela konyaka wakho werhafu. Zintlanu iintlobo zerhafu ngokubanzi kubandakanya irhafu yengeniso, irhafu yokuqeshisa, irhafu eqikelelweyo, irhafu yomqeshi, irhafu yendlela, ethe yaziswa ngentla.

Ungajonga kwi-IRS ukubona ukuba yeyiphi irhafu yeshishini esebenza kuwe kunye nerhafu ekufuneka ubambe:

https://www.irs.gov/

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