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I-Drop Shipping Liquid kunye neBhanki yaMandla: Ithini indlela yeLogistics?

Yeyiphi imithunzi yeLipstick ekuTrend ngoku? -Isikhokelo seLonaShini laBalaseleyo kuwe
07 / 03 / 2019
Iimveliso eziShushu eziKhulu zokuKhangela kwiHlotela eHlotyeni Njengamanqaku oKhetho
07 / 04 / 2019

I-Drop Shipping Liquid kunye neBhanki yaMandla: Ithini indlela yeLogistics?

Utywala kunye neebhanki zamandla yinto ekhethekileyo yokuhambisa kwaye kufuneka baphathwe ngokwahlukileyo ukuthintela ingozi kunye nengxaki. Oku kulandelayo kuya kwazisa uluhlu lwezinto ezinamanzi kunye neebhanki zamandla.

Ulawulo lwamanzi

Izinto ezenzelwa ulwelo luluhlu olukhethekileyo lwezixhobo ezinxulumene neemveliso zolwelo kwaye zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwindawo yoqeqesho. Ngamanye amagama, yinto ekhethekileyo yokuphatha izinto kunye nokuhamba ngokuziphatha okusetyenziswayo xa ushenxisa iimveliso zolwelo kwityathanga lonikezo.

Ngokungafaniyo neemveliso zeyunithi ye-discrete, ezinokususwa kusetyenziswa iindlela eziqhelekileyo zokuhamba, ulwelo lufuna ukuphathwa okhethekileyo. Iilitha zingathunyelwa kuluhlu olubanzi lweesayizi ezinobukhulu kunye neemilo kuba azinantsingiselo yobungakanani bemilinganiselo. Ngenxa yale nto, ulungelelwaniso lwamanzi lunika amathuba okonga imali ongekhoyo xa uthutha iiyunithi eziqinileyo.

Izinto ezininzi zichaphazela ulungiselelo lwamanzi, kubandakanywa ubushushu, kunye neendlela zothutho kunye namanyathelo okhuseleko ayahluka ngokuxhomekeka kwizixhobo ezishukumayo. Inani elikhoyo lemveliso yolwelo linokulinganiselwa ngokukhawuleza ngamanqanaba ayo kwitanki yezothutho, kwaye utshintsho olubonakalayo ngokuhambelana nolwelo lungaba izilumkiso kwangaphambi kwayo nayiphi na imicimbi yokulawulwa kwendalo ngexesha lokuhamba. Izinzwa kunye neemitha zokuhamba zinokuhanjiswa ukuze ziqhubeke nokubeka esweni imeko yemveliso ehanjiswayo.

Eyona ilungileyo ye-4 ye-Transportation Miindlela

1.ISO TANK

Ukuba uthutha umthamo omkhulu weempahla zolwelo, ke iitanki ze-ISO zilungile. Itanki le-20 'ISO linokuthwala iilitha ze-20,000-26,000 (5,300 - 6,900 gal.) Yezinto kunye nesiqulatho se23' ukuya kuthi ga kwi-33,000 yeelitha ezinkulu (i-8,700 gal.) Ungahambisa kwakhona uluhlu olubanzi lweempahla zolwelo ngetanki le-ISO . Kuyenzeka ukuba uhambise izixhobo ezinobungozi kunye nezingenabungozi kwaye kulwelo, igesi, okanye ifom yomgubo. Kungenxa yokuba itanki ye-ISO yakhiwe ngentsimbi eyomeleleyo okanye ngezinto ezinokulwonakalisa ixesha elide ubomi kunye nokukhuselwa kwempahla yakho engamanzi ngexesha lothutho.

Nangona kunjalo, itanki ye-ISO kufuneka izaliswe kwi-80% - 95% umthamo. Ukuba itanki iphantsi kwe80% igcwele, iilwelo zinokuhamba ngokukhuselekileyo ngengozi. Kwakhona, ukuba ingaphezulu kwe-95% igcwele, kuthetha ukuba akukho gumbi laneleyo lokunyuka kwamafutha - okwaziwa ngokuba yi "ullage".

2.IMIBHALO / IBHODI

Zininzi iindlela ezahlukeneyo zemigqomo kunye nemiphanda ekhoyo, njengentsimbi, iplasitiki kunye nefibre. Nangona kunjalo, zonke zifana kakhulu kuba zifuna i-liner okanye i-coating yokhuseleko lokucoceka kokutya, kunye nepallet kunye nokuqhawula ukhuseleko. Kuba imigqomo inemigangatho esusela kwi-20 ukuya kwiilitha ze-250 (i-5.3 - 66 gal.), Zilungele ngakumbi xa uthumela umthwalo ongaphantsi wemithwalo yeoli.

Kuyenzeka ukuba usebenzise imigqomo ukuhambisa izinto eziyingozi, njengoko zinokuthi zibe “ziQinisekiso seUN”. Kwicala elingezantsi, imigqomo inokuba ngumngeni ekusebenziseni amandla, ukhuseleko, kunye nokugcinwa.

3.IZIQULATHO ZOQHAGAMSHELWANO

Iziqulatho zeBulkedi eziPhakathi zinokuphinda zisebenze, izikhongozeli zecandelo elenzelwe ukuthutha ulwelo olunobuninzi kunye nezinto ezinobunzima ezifana neekhemikhali, izithako zokutya, izinyibilikisi kunye namayeza amayeza. Ubungakanani kunye nokuma kwe-IBC kubenza bakwenze lula ukubeka nokubeka epallet, oko kuthetha ukuba banokuhambisa besebenzisa ifolokhwe okanye i-pallet jack ngaphandle kwengxaki.

Ngokomxholo wevolumu, i-IBC ibambe i-200 ukuya kwi-1,250 yeelitha, ephakathi komthamo wemigqomo kunye neetanki- ngenxa yoko igama "eliphakathi". Ngobuso obuphezulu kunye necala lokulahla / iindawo zokulayisha, ngokubanzi kulula kakhulu ukuzisebenzisa, ngaphandle kwesidingo sokudlulisela umthwalo kwenye itanki yokugcina.

4.FLEXITANK

IiFlexitanks sisiqwenga esikhethekileyo sezixhobo ezenziwe ngeplastiki. Eyona nto ibaluleke kakhulu kuyo, ingxowa yemilayidi enezinto ezifikelela kwiilitha ezingama-25,000 (6,900 gal.). Ezi tanks zifakwe ngaphakathi kwe-20 esemgangathweni ”kwaye imveliso iphoswa kuyo, nokuba ukusuka phezulu okanye ezantsi kwe-flexitank. Ubuninzi betanki le-ISO, kufuneka ugcwalise i-flexitank ukuya kwi-24 - i-25 tonnes (53,000 - 55,000 lb) ukugcina ngaphakathi kwemida ephezulu yoxinzelelo evunyelweyo. Ukulayisha ngaphezulu kunokuqhekeza udonga olusecaleni lwesikhongozeli. Nangona kunjalo, ukuba uyala umthwalo, awunakunyanzelwa yi-inshurensi njengoko uhlala uqhele ukuvuza. Ukulungiselela umthwalo wakho wetrabititank ethwala lula kulula ngesikhongozisi esinama jacks.

Into ephambili ekufuneka uyikhumbule ngee-flexitanks kukuba zilungele kuphela iimveliso ezingenabungozi (ezingenabungozi). Oko kuthetha, zilungele ioksijini kunye neemveliso ezinobuthathaka ezinjenge wayini, ibhiya ethe tyaba kunye neekhemikhali, njengoko unokufumana itanki enezithintelo zokuvala okanye iinkqubo zokuthintela i-osmosis.

IBhanki yamandla

Ibhanki yamandla iyahanjiswa ngombane. Iiseli zebhanki yamandla zahlulahlulwe ibhetri ye-lithium ye-18650, ibhetri ye-polymer ye-lithium kunye ne-AAA nickel iron hydride bettery, phakathi kwayo ibhetri ye-18650 ye-lithium ion yeyona nto ixhaphakileyo kwintengiso, ngesabelo sokufikelela kwi-70%.

Iimarike zaseYurophu nezaseMelika zinika ingqalelo enkulu kukhuseleko lolu hlobo lweemveliso. Xa kuthelekiswa noncedo oluqhelekileyo lombane, ibhanki yamandla ibhetri ezininzi ezinomthamo omkhulu ngaphakathi, eziyingozi kunebhetri eqhelekileyo yokuhambisa umbane. Ke ngoko, imigangatho yamazwe aseYurophu nawaseMelika kufuneka ibhetri yangaphakathi idlule kuvavanyo olufanelekileyo kunye nesiqinisekiso. Ngokubanzi, iibhetri ezifuneka kwimarike yase-US zivavanywa ngokwemigangatho ye-UL 1642 (iselfowuni) kunye ne-X 2054 (ipakethi yebhetri), ngelixa ezo zentengiso zentengiso yaseYurophu ziyahlangabezana neemfuno ze-IEC / EN 62133 (ipakethi yebhetri kunye nepakethi yebhetri) . I-Intertek China inezinto ezikhethekileyo elabhoratri eGuangzhou naseShanghai ezinikezelwe ekuqinisekisweni kwale migangatho.

Ukuhambisa iibhanki zamandla e-US akunqunywanga kangako, unokufaka isicelo sendawo yokubhukisha ukuba unayo iMDSS. Ngaphezu koko, ukupakisha kufanelekile, kwaye akukho ngxaki imfutshane yesekethe. Kungcono ukulawula ukupakishwa kwangaphandle okujikeleze i10KG / ibhokisi.

Ukuhanjiswa okuThunyelweyo

Ibhanki yamandla inokuhanjiswa ngokuthumela.

Kwi-LCL, iimpahla zithwalwa ngeenqanawa ezimbini okanye ngaphezulu ukusuka kwizibuko lokuhamba ukuya kwizibuko lokufika kwaye zingafakwanga endleleni, okubizwa ngokuba kukudluliselwa okanye ukuhanjiswa okuhambiselanayo.

Ishishini elihlanganisiweyo lokuhambisa elihamba nenkqubo kwindawo ethe qelele, encinci, engaphuhliswanga kohambo okanye yokuya, kuba ezi thango zinendawo ebonakalayo kunye nenani elaneleyo, iimpahla eziza kwindawo enye yokufika akukho lula ukuzalisa isitya.

Yamkela indlela yothutho oluxubileyo, okokuqala isitya sonke sithuthwa sisiwa kwindawo ethile yothutho. Kwaye kwizibuko lotshintsho, ibhokisi yempahla iya kuncothulwa kwaye isasazwe, ngokweendawo ezahlukeneyo zokugqibela zokufika, iimpahla zilayishwa kwiibhokisi ezahlukileyo, kwaye ke ziyaqhubeka nokuhanjiswa kwindawo yokugqibela yezothutho. Le modeli inokushwankathelwa ngokuthi "ngumxube kwaye emva koko uthunyelwe ngokuthe ngqo".

Kucacile ukuba, umdibaniso wokuhambisa ophakathi kunye neepakethe enye kune ngqo Ukudibanisa Ukuhambisa ngenqanawe. Ukuba izibuko lokudlula kwizibuko lokugqibela lokugqibela alinakukwazi ukudibana, okanye kungabikho mthwalo uphucukileyo wezinto eziphathwayo, iimpahla zinokulibaziseka zothutho. Ayibambeli kuphela ixesha, ikwongeza nomngcipheko wokulimala kwemoto kakubi. Ke ngoko, imodi yokuxuba ihlala isetyenziswa xa kungekho enye indlela engcono.

Xa ibhanki yokuhambisa yomxube eyahlukeneyo, wena kufuneka unake:

  1. Iindidi zebhetri azinakudityaniswa kwibhokisi enye. Umzekelo: ibhetri eyomileyo kunye nebhetri ye-lithium ayinakuhlanganiswa ebhokisini, ibhetri kunye neempahla ngokubanzi azinakuhlanganiswa ebhokisini.
  2. Uthuli, ulwelo, umswakama, ivumba liya kuvuza kwezinye iimpahla, ngoko ke zama ukungazidibanisi nezinye iimpahla. Ukuba kukho imfuneko, sebenzisa i-canvas, ifilimu yeplastiki okanye ezinye izinto zokwahlula;
  3. Beka iimpahla ezikhanyayo kwiimpahla ezinobunzima obunzima;
  4. Izinto ezinamandla obuthathaka bokupakisha kufuneka zibekwe kwiimpahla ngamandla okupakisha;
  5. Iimpahla zotywala kunye neempahla zokucoca kufuneka zibekwe phantsi kwezinye iimpahla ngangokunokwenzeka;
  6. Iimpahla ezineekona ezibukhali okanye iindawo ezinokuhanjwa ziya kugutyungelwa ukuthintela ukonakala kwezinye iimpahla;
  7. Iimpahla zeemilo ezahlukeneyo kunye neephakeji akufuneki zipakishwe kunye ngokusemandleni.

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